2018-02-24 12:17


Conference: Bucharest University Faculty of Physics 2015 Meeting

Section: Atmosphere and Earth Science; Environment Protection

Assessing the presence of biomass burning aerosols above Romania during the fires around Chernobyl – Ukraine in May 2015 using remote sensing techniques

Horațiu Ioan ȘTEFĂNIE (1,2,3), Marius Mihai CAZACU (4,5), Adrian TIMOFTE (4,6), Florin BENCIU (1), Alexandru DANDOCSI (1), Stavros SOLOMOS (7), Alexandru OZUNU (2)

1) National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics, Magurele, Romania

2) “Babeș-Bolyai” University of Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

3) University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, P.O.BOX MG-11, Magurele, Bucharest, Romania

4) ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi, Faculty of Physics, Atmosphere Optics, Spectroscopy and Lasers Laboratory, 11 Carol I Blvd., 700506 Iasi, Romania,

5) Department of Physics, Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, 59A Mangeron Blvd., 700050 Iasi, Romania,

6) National Meteorological Administration, Regional Forecast Center Bacau, 3 Timpului Str., Bacau, Romania

7) National Observatory of Athens, IAASARS, Greece


biomass burning aerosols, remote sensing, LIDAR;

At the end of April 2015, a large vegetation fire occurred around the Chernobyl nuclear plant, leading to emission of radionuclides in the atmosphere. The influences of biomass burning aerosols from this intrusion event over urban/industrial load were evidenced in this work by monitoring and analysis of optical properties of tropospheric aerosols from two RADO (Romanian Atmospheric 3D Observatory) monitoring sites: INOE_Magurele, near Bucharest and Iasi_LOASL. In order to obtain information concerning the aerosol layers, dynamics and their optical properties, two LIDAR systems were used: a Multiwavelength Depolarization Raman lidar at Bucharest and an elastic backscatter lidar at Iasi. The data provided by the AERONET sun-photometers network were used to identify the biomass burning aerosols influences nearby the lidar measurements sites. HYSPLIT back-trajectories and FLEXPART dispersion model were also used in order to estimate the source and evolution of the long-range transported aerosols.

This work has been supported by grants of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, Programme for Research- Space Technology and Advanced Research - STAR, project no. 39/2012 – SIAFIM, and by Romanian Partnerships in priority areas PNII implemented with MEN-UEFISCDI support, project no. 309/2014 – MOBBE. Adrian Timofte was supported by the strategic grant POSDRU/159/1.5/S/137750, Project “Doctoral and Postdoctoral programs support for increased competitiveness in Exact Sciences research” cofinanced by the European Social Found within the Sectorial Operational Program Human Resources Development 2007 – 2013. Stavros Solomos was supported by the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-REGPOT-2012-2013-1), in the framework of the project BEYOND, under Grant Agreement No. 316210 (BEYOND - Building Capacity for a Centre of Excellence for EO-based monitoring of Natural Disasters,